The Cape Floral Kingdom is one of the world’s most precious natural assets, so special that it has been designated as one of the world’s six floral kingdoms.
As the smallest and richest of these kingdoms, the Cape Floral Kingdom is home to more types of indigenous plants than any other similarly sized area on Earth. At least 70% of the 9600 plant species of the Cape Floral Kingdom are found nowhere else on earth.
The Cape Floral Kingdom is situated in the Western Cape of South Africa as the area enjoys a Mediterranean climate with mild, wet winters and warm, dry summers. It covers nearly 90 000 km2 and stretches from the Western Cape Coast to the borders of the Eastern Cape Province – the area where the climate begins to change to a tropical climate and summer rainfall is experienced. The word “Fynbos” is Afrikaans for fine bush and refers to the fine, needle-like leaves of many fynbos species. The majority of the plants are evergreen, hard-leaf plants. Fynbos makes up four-fifths of the species in the Cape Floral Kingdom and is a very diverse plant species that includes the Protea, Heath (Erica) and Reed (Restio) families which prefer acidic sands and nutrient poor soils. Proteas are represented by many species and are often the taller plants of the fynbos and have large leaves, generally with striking flowers. The Protea is only found in the southern hemisphere and more than 1400 species of Protea occur in the Cape Floral Kingdom. Ericas or Heaths are generally smaller plants with many small, tubular flowers and needle-like leaves. The grass-like Restios grow in wetter areas. More than 1400 bulb species occur among the fynbos, of which 96 are Gladiolus and 54 Lachenalias. To ensure the longevity of our precious Cape Floral Kingdom, the FreshCap Group practices sustainable harvesting.